Project Documentation





This project for the 2000 Round of Population and Housing Censuses covers the European Union Member States, the European Free Trade Association Member States and countries that are presently Candidates for accession into the EU as well as some of the remaining countries of the Western Balkans. Apart from the country reports, which are a new element, this project represents a continuation of similar work undertaken by Eurostat after the 1980 and 1990 census rounds.

This study was prepared on behalf of Eurostat by an international research team at the Laboratory of Social and Demographic Analyses (LDSA) of the University of Thessaly (Volos) under the direction of Prof. Byron Kotzamanis. It is the main output of a comprehensive collection of information concerning the conduct of national censuses. In the framework of this project a broad range of material was gathered from countries - the result depending on the census method applied, the survey timetable and the level of dissemination. Further information was obtained from international organisations and from the proceedings of conferences.

The publication presented to Eurostat is divided into three main sections:

  • an overview of the population and housing census programme and its international aspects;

  • a comparative analysis of the most important aspects of the 2000 censuses in the project countries, and

  • a set of individual country reports.

Further information is presented in the annexes. In addition, the electronic version of the publication contains a large selection of:

  • census questionnaires as used in the different countries, (facsimiles, normally in English or French), and

  • documents on the legal framework for the conduct of the census in each country (census laws, statistical laws, other regulations).

It is important to note that the national data were mostly collected from spring to autumn 2002. As a result of this and the widely differing census dates in the countries covered here - from November 1995 (Malta) to May 2002 (Poland) - the information collected refers to national censuses that are in different stages of completion.

The comparative analysis is mostly based on a survey questionnaire prepared by the LDSA (hereafter ‘LDSA questionnaire’). A total of 26 National Statistical Institutes responded. Three countries (Germany, Sweden and Iceland), having not implemented a census, were unable to complete the questionnaire, while three others (Netherlands, Liechtenstein and Romania) did not respond. For all the questions concerning directly the census process and treatment, the tables used for the comparative analysis don’t include Liechtenstein and obviously Germany, Sweden and Iceland.

The country reports were prepared during the second half of 2002. Most of the reports follow a similar structure, but country-specific paragraphs (e.g. for Spain and Italy, on the comparison of census results with data from population registers) or formats (e.g. Switzerland) are also present. For countries not undertaking a census, alternative reporting formats have been chosen.


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